What Is Plumbing?

Bryco Plumbing is a system of pipes, fixtures, and appliances that distributes water, gas, and sewage in residential and commercial buildings. Plumbers install, repair, and maintain these systems to ensure a safe water supply and efficient waste removal.


Plumbers often work with complex and dangerous tools, so they must be trained in safety procedures. They must also keep up with evolving technologies and regulations.

The water supply line, also known as the main line, is where your home or property connects to the public water distribution system. It has a metering device and branches out to hot and cold water lines, which are then directed to different rooms in your house or office, as well as plumbing fixtures such as toilets, showers, faucets and washing machines.

The piping used for the water supply may be made from copper, brass or galvanised iron. The choice of piping material will depend on factors such as cost, ease of installation and maintenance, strength and resistance to corrosion. The piping can be run either above or underground and it can be pressurised. This is necessary if the water needs to be supplied at great distances.

Most water supply systems get their water from groundwater (aquifers) or surface water such as lakes and rivers, or from the sea through desalination. This water is treated to ensure that it is safe for human consumption, and then stored in reservoirs such as water towers or on the ground. In many developed countries, the infrastructure for water supply is owned and operated by a government agency or public utility company.

The most common problems with water supply lines are leaks. Leaks can occur anywhere along the line, and should be fixed as soon as possible. Other issues include low water pressure, which can be caused by a variety of factors including pipe corrosion. Another potential problem is electrolysis, which occurs when stray underground electrical currents attack bare copper pipes.


In addition to bringing fresh, clean water into your home, the plumbing system also takes wastewater out. This waste flows through an underground pipe network to a sewer main, which is connected to your local public sewer line. Sewer systems vary by area, but most are composed of a series of large pipes called mains that are buried throughout the neighborhood and branch off to individual homes and businesses.

Like the water supply, your drainage is a complex system that relies on gravity to work properly. The system has several different types of drains to prevent flooding and structural damage, as well as remove waste from your property. A well-functioning drainage system can make or break your home’s livability, so it’s important to maintain your pipes.

Your drainage system consists of all the pipes in your house that take used water and waste away from your fixtures. It’s important to have a good drainage system in place, because the last thing you want is for your pipes to get clogged and overflow your sink or toilet. The most common types of drainage include floor drains, sump pumps and French drains.

A good indication that a drain is working correctly is its ability to collect drainage fluid. While this fluid may be bloody at first, it should gradually lighten in color. A nurse should be able to tell when a drain is infected or inflamed by observing the skin around the site of the drainage tube for crusting or redness.

The simplest way to maintain a functional drainage system is to keep debris, such as rocks and leaves, away from the drains. Keeping a clear path for water flow will help prevent blockages and reduce the need for maintenance. For more severe issues, plumbers can use high-pressure water to scour pipes and clear out blockages without the need for excavation or digging. If a pipe is severely damaged, a mechanical drain auger may be needed to cut through the obstruction and remove it. This tool is similar to a drill but uses a curved metal rod.

Sewage Disposal

The science of sewage disposal safeguards the water supply by removing water-carried wastes including microscopic dissolved material and solid matter such as bacteria, harmful chemicals and toxins. Sewage disposal includes both domestic, or sanitary, sewage and industrial, or trade, sewage. In cities, the two are separated in treatment plants.

Sewage treatment removes germs, toxins and solid waste from wastewater to make it safe for the environment, for people, and for reuse. It can also increase the amount of usable water in an area, a boon for people living with limited freshwater supplies.

A sewer system consists of intricate networks of underground conduits, called pipes, that convey wastewater from houses and businesses to treatment plants. The treatment process is essentially the same as that of natural rivers, though on a much larger scale.

Generally, sewage treatment involves separating out the solid matter from the liquid, then breaking down and digesting it with anaerobic bacteria. The resulting sludge is sometimes used for fertilizer or as landfill. Depending on the quality of the sludge, it may be further processed in an activated-sludge method that adds oxygen to decompose remaining organic compounds.

In areas without reticulated sewerage, on-site sewage disposal systems are common. These use septic tanks to separate and disperse liquid wastewater into the ground. In rural areas, the simplest form of on-site sewage disposal is the cesspool, which resembles a large tank with a porous bottom and sides that let the liquid filter into the soil while holding the solid matter. Periodically, the tank must be cleaned and the solid matter emptied. Septic systems, which use baffles to help solids settle out, are more sophisticated but similar in design.

Regardless of the type of on-site sewage disposal system, it is important to ensure that the septic tank and drain field are adequately sized to handle the volume of wastewater expected in that location. Inadequately sized systems can lead to overflows and the contamination of surface and groundwater sources. In addition, a septic system can leak into drainage lines and cause pollution upstream of the system.


Plumbing includes the pipes and fixtures that supply and remove water in a home or other building. It also includes the heating system that raises the temperature of the water. In a house, the plumbing system is usually separate from the sewage system. A city’s sewage system is typically connected to the plumbing systems of individual buildings through large pipes called mains. The plumbing in a house is connected to these mains through smaller pipes, known as branch pipes.